First and foremost let us start off by saying that we
do not intend to imply/convey to anyone reading our "Education" section of our website, that we know everything there is to know about our profession's because we truly believe that this field is consistently changing and evolving by new sciences and techniques shared around the world. With that in mind we hope to help
anyone out there who is interested by giving you tested and proven information (not suggestions on what to do) by our long list of seasoned grower's/breeder's who have been doing this for years.
In no way is this how we expect or want you to apply this information to your own gardens involving our products, however, we do want to share all our own experiences when it comes to what we say here in this "Education" section. We believe that is important to the whole background story of why we have this company in the first place, as every single individual that shares his/her knowledge here has been cured or ailed in the betterment of their lives by using this plant legally and correctly. Although we here at HiBred Seed LLC DO NOT sell our products to use as our products are STRICTLY FOR SOUVENIR PURPOSES ONLY, its important for us to convey the whole aspect of how we came about this journey in the first place as well as the hard work that put us where we are at in the present. Please take your time and we are also always open to information that we might not know or even have wrong. As I stated earlier, we are not "Master's" but we do show how we got here through tons of videos and pictures with specifics etc on all our social media platforms and have been doing so for years now. We "yearn to learn" here at HiBred Seed and thats a saying that we truly live by. We appreciate your time and energy in hopes of doing business with you in the future.
Aloha A Hui Hou - "Till We Meet Again"
The first subject that we would like to talk about on our Education page is "Genetic Terminology" or the words/phrases we use as breeder's to describe every aspect of our souvenir seeds, and in this case we will be discussing cannabis terminology to be specific.
One thing to keep in mind when it comes to seeds in general, is that they have parents male & female (not including feminized seeds by Rodelization or induced shock by breeder). Everything pertaining to seeds depends on their parents and whether they are stable, unstable, big, tall, short, fat, long, pink, blue, white, black, yellow...you get the point. The most important thing to know when purchasing seeds in general are the parents of that specific seed.
One key point to keep in mind throughout this whole page as well as in life when dealing with seeds in general is the term "homogeneous". "Homogeneous" will be used quite often when detailing the explanations of the following terms. "Homogeneous" basically means uniformity or similar characteristics/traits.
Cannabis Genetic Terminology
1. Genotype - This means the general genetic make-up of the batch of seeds depending on the parents that were used to create them. This is a general term regarding the whole batch of seeds made from the plant used to cross & create the strain.
2. Phenotype - This is a more specific version of "Genotype" that stands for a specific growth pattern from start (germination) to finish (flower & harvest) that a chosen seed displays unique to itself. Breeder's usually do a "Pheno-Hunt" which entail many seeds that are planted and grown to find a specific sought after trait that the breeder is looking for to mix and replicate with a different strain or even to back-cross it on itself to strengthen/stabilize the line.
3. F1 - This stands for 1st Filial Generation. This is the first generation of seeds that pop out of the female plants calyx's that got pollinated.
Strains: "Hawaiian Style Duck" (HSD) & "BubbaHotep OG" (BHOG)
HSD - male
BHOG - female
Note: the offspring of this breeding project will produce a first generation
of seeds (1st batch of seeds) called "F1"/ "filial 1"/ "1st generation".
Note: the "x" used in graph stands for "crossed with". Basically the x
looks like 2 lines crossing and just an "x" makes things a whole lot easier.
(outcome of chart example)
"Hawaiian OG" F1
Note: This would be the new made up name for the example cross,
but regardless of the name it will be an F1
4. F2, F3, F4... - This means someone took two "F1" seeds and crossed them together regardless of whether they are Polyhybrid, Landrace, or Hybrid making the seeds F2's and so on and so on.
5. Landrace - Landrace stands for 100% pure-blood or purebred variety. Thousands of years & generations old through air pollination/self pollination, landraces are specific to certain regions around the world. Characteristics of landraces depend on which part/region of the world they come from involving sea level changes, longitude and latitude, hot/cold temperatures, humidity, etc.. Landraces are strains that haven't been crossed/hybridized with any other strain(s) since they came into inception thousands of years ago.
6. Hybrid or Hybrid F1 - Hybrid stands for the outcome of crossing two "Landrace" plants together or two "IBL" plants together. Your basically dealing/crossing with two pure "Genotypes" to make the outcome seeds have 2 strains in it rather then 1 pure strain like a landrace.
7. Polyhybrid - This stands for the crossing of 2 or more "Hybrid" strains. Keep in mind that the more strains added to this whole lineage of strains stemming from the pure "Landrace" will get less and less "homogeneous" and will have to be worked at longer to stabilize the desired traits that you are aiming for.
Note: Majority of the strains out on the market today
are "Polyhybrid" strains.
8. IBL or In-Bred-Line - IBL or In-Bred-Line crosses are made using 2 super similar plants or "genotypes". Creating IBL crosses are long and hard but the payout is exactly what the breeder wants and desires when going into this type of project.
9. Back-crossing or BX'ing or BX - This situation occurs when you take 1 of the 2 parents used to make F1's, F2's, F3's, etc... and cross that chosen mother or father back to their lineage of F1/F2/F3's that these parents made. This is done to fix undesirable, or induce desirable traits to the F1/F2/F3 line that needs work in the breeder's opinion.
10. S1 - S1 means the "F1" of feminized seeds basically. Its the 1st filial outcome seed of a female plant that has been made (naturally by "Rodelization" or human-induces shock using colloidal silver and/or other chemicals that are hard to get or not as trusted through testing in public yet.) In the same respect, S2/S3/S4 etc. are the same when it comes to "Back-crossing or BX'ing or BX" these feminized seeds.
11. Feminized - Feminized seeds are seeds that have been created by the altering of a female mother plants genetic make-up, through the natural or unnatural self pollination of the specific plant with feminized pollen. Naturally, this happens when a female plant is shocked by something dramatic in its natural environment causing it to want to reproduce itself and save its lineage. This is called "Rodelization". Now days, people have learned that shock can be induced by us using certain chemicals like colloidal silver. We specifically use that at HiBred Seed to create our own lines of feminized autoflower and photoperiod souvenir's. Shocking the desired female plant with the exact process it takes, will give whatever area specifically shocked a bunch of male looking pollen sacks. The only difference in this situation is, 99.9% of the pollen that grows and is collected from these sacks on this female plant...is "Feminized"! Leave it to humanity to come up with these amazing process's lol...
Note: depending on the blood-line or lineage of the plant
chosen to feminize for projects, you will get
a similar strain stability of that line. This makes a huge
difference when it comes to hermaphrodite traits being passed
on to the next generation when breeding.
12. Rodelization - Nature's natural way of inducing pollen sacks on a female plant. This pollen comes out 99.9% feminized pollen.
13. Colloidal Silver - This is a mixture of tiny silver particles mixed with a liquid. Although the science if debatable on the use of this liquid mixture for health purposes, people around the world have been taking this mixture in micro-doses for many years now. Not only that, but it can also be used to induce "man made" shock to a cannabis plant.
14. Photoperiod - "Photoperiod", "Autoflower", "Regular", and "Feminized" are terms used to describe the varieties of seed a person is growing or obtaining. Photoperiod seeds are seeds that grow dependent on the light/dark ratio that it receives.
15. Autoflower - This variety of seed "automatically" switches from a vegetative state to a flower state depending on the strains lineal pattern. This is like a set schedule that a person can usually depend on to harvest an autoflower variety within 10 weeks from first node of plants growth always depending on the strain.
16. Regular - When the term "Regular" is used to describe an "Autoflower" or a "Photoperiod", this means that the seed will either be a female or a male. Ratio percentages depend on the line etc..
17. Anatomy Of A Cannabis Plant - Below is a simple illustration image of the anatomy of a cannabis plant. The most important things to know are Calyx, Pistil, and stem.
18. Powdery Mildew (PM) - Powdery mildew is one of the worst things your can get on your cannabis plants. This disease is caused by different types of fungi that relish in humid/moderate temperature's. If not taken care of on time or at all, this disease can cause major loss to your yield.
Tip: Managing Powdery Mildew
"HiBred Seed Style"
Note: Use this method as a preventative as well as a solution for PM cure, depending on the stage of PM that has occurred in your garden. We DID NOT come up with this remedy, it was passed down and used by friends and family.
Ingredients: Per Gallon Of Water
6 teaspoons 100% Neem Oil
2 teaspoons Dawn Dish-washing Soap
1 teaspoon Yucca Extract
Note: It doesnt matter what order you mix these ingredients in, just as long as you give it a good mixing. Preferably use a spraying apparatus to apply the solution and make sure to drench the whole plant. Do this at nighttime so you dont burn your plants from the sun with the water droplets that act as mini microscopes and end up burning your leaves. repeat this step if needed the following day and you should be good. Depending on how far along the PM is, will determine the success of this process.
19. "Pheno-Hunting" - Taking into account the definition of "Phenotype" explained in term number 2...Pheno Hunt(ing) is basically finding the best plant out of a group of plants that were germinated and planted at the same time and from the same batch (as well as, more generally when describing a whole tent or area). Breeder's do this to find the best and most desirable traits per plant to reproduce in large quantities. The following pics will show plants that came from the same batch, but are different "Phenotype's". These Phenotype's are "Hawaiian Style Duck".
Note: As you can see in the picture's above, even though these plants were seed's in the same batch of F1's...they still had little differences in them like stem width, leaf color, leaf structure (thin/fat/long/short etc...). "Pheno Hunting" is just finding which one you like best and making that plant your main breeder or mother plant etc..
(Following pictures courtesy of our partner's
Medi Grow Solutions)